Adding new permanent members to the UN Security Council will not make the 15-member body more representative, democratic and accountable, a top Pakistani diplomat said Tuesday, while advocating for expansion in the non-permanent category.
“More permanent members will compound the Council’s inequality and disfunctionality,” Ambassador Munir Akram said, as the long-running Inter-Governmental Negotiations (IGN) aimed at enlarging the Security Council resumed the process, with the so-called Group of four — India, Brazil, Germany and Japan — pushing for permanent seats at UN’s high table.
The Pakistani envoy warned against attempts by the aspirants of the Council’s permanent membership to try and railroad the process of reform, which, he said, must be agreed upon through negotiations.
“Pakistan is opposed to expansion in the permanent category along with veto,” Ambassador Akram declared, reiterating Islamabad’s principled position on restructuring the Security Council.
“Permanent membership contradicts the fundamental precepts of sovereign equality, democracy, representativeness and accountability, the Pakistani envoy said, adding, “It is only through an expansion in the non-permanent category that the ideal of a comprehensive reform can be met.”
With that in view, Ambassador Akram said that the Italy/Pakistan-led Uniting for Consensus (UfC) group, which opposes adding any permanent members, has proposed 11 new elected members to the Council.
Full-scale negotiations to reform the Security Council began in the General Assembly in February 2009 on five key areas — the categories of membership, the question of veto, regional representation, size of an enlarged Security Council, and working methods of the council and its relationship with the General Assembly.
Despite a general agreement on enlarging the Council, as part of the UN reform process, member states remain sharply divided over the details.
The G-4 have shown no flexibility in their push for expanding the Council by 10 seats, with six additional permanent and four non-permanent members.
On the other hand, the UfC group has proposed a new category of members — not permanent members — with longer duration in terms and a possibility to get re-elected.
The Security Council is currently composed of five permanent members — Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States — and 10 non-permanent members elected to serve for two years.
In his remarks, Ambassador Akram said, “If progress is to be made in Security Council reform process, it is only by searching for areas of agreement through painstaking discussions in the IGN and through sober consultations, mutual accommodation and innovative compromise.
“It cannot be railroaded by bullying and coercion,” he added.